What types of steel beams and profiles are there?

There are a variety of steel profiles available from Steel construction company be used for various applications. These profiles differ in their shape, dimensions and use. Here are some common types of steel profiles:

I-beam (IPN, IPE, HEA, HEB, HEM)

I-beams, also known as I-beams, are one of the most commonly used steel sections in construction. They have an I-shaped cross-sectional shape and are particularly efficient at absorbing vertical loads. Different subtypes such as IPN, IPE, HEA, HEB and HEM offer variations in flange width, flange thickness and web thickness. I-beams are often used as the main beam in building structures, bridges and other structures.

U-beam (UNP, UPE)

U-beams have a U-shaped cross-sectional shape, similar to an upside-down “U.” These profiles are well suited as horizontal or diagonal struts in structures. They are also used for purlins, supports and frame structures. U-beams provide stability and rigidity and are versatile.

UPE beams have parallel flanges of constant thickness. UNP profiles, on the other hand, have flanges that taper slightly towards the outside. UPE profiles can therefore be subjected to greater bending loads. This saves some weight. However, UPE carriers are not available everywhere and are usually more expensive.

L-beam (angle profiles)

L-beams have an L-shaped cross-sectional shape and are often used as corner connections, reinforcements and framing. They offer an efficient way to create corner connections and are also suitable as corner brackets for shelves, Railings and platforms.

T-beam (teardrop profiles)

T-beams have a T-shaped cross-sectional shape with the trunk oriented vertically and the flange horizontal. These profiles are often used as connecting elements in constructions. They can be used for suspension, anchoring and framing structures.

Hollow steel profiles (tubes, rectangular tubes, square tubes)

Hollow steel profiles such as round tubes, rectangular tubes and square tubes have a hollow interior and offer high rigidity with comparatively low weight. These profiles are often used in support structures, railings, roofing and piping systems.

C-profiles and Z-profiles

C-profiles have a C-shaped cross-sectional shape, while Z-profiles have a Z-shaped shape. These profiles are often used as purlins and supports to transfer horizontal and vertical loads. They come in too Frame structures, roof systems and facades are used.

round tubes

Round steel tubes are used in various applications including railings, support structures, piping and columns. They offer a robust solution for the transport of liquids and gases as well as structural components.

Other profiles

In addition to the profiles mentioned above, there are many other specialized steel profiles depending on the requirements of the specific project. These include IPE pipes, box sections, angle stud sections and more.

Choosing the right steel profile depends on factors such as load requirements, span, design preferences and aesthetic considerations. By choosing the right profiles, engineers and architects can ensure that the design meets the requirements both functionally and aesthetically.

Last revised on September 6, 2023 by Andreas Janisch